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(hypnosis, relaxation hypnosis, hypnoanalysis)
The word hypnosis comes from the Greek word hypnos (sleep, dream) because it was first thought to be a sleep-like state. As the state of consciousness changes during hypnosis and the unconscious becomes more accessible, hypnosis can also be used for therapeutic purposes.
Hypnosis is not a cure in itself, but a tool in the therapy process, because in the altered state of consciousness provided by hypnosis, the patient is much more responsive to the therapy being applied.
In spite of his will no one can be hypnotized, and it is impossible that a the therapist should get his or her patient to be averse to anything. The depth of hypnosis can vary from one person to another, depending on how hypnotic and the level of trust between the client and the therapist is.
During hypnosis, the therapist assists the patient in finding the internal resources to strengthen his or her existing abilities and develop new patterns of adaptation and coping. The therapist’s primary goal is to help bring about a change in the unconscious that will help the patient heal as quickly as possible.
The therapist also takes into account the patient’s current life situation, personality, and behavior and discusses it with the patient. The ego-state method is perhaps the most important tool in hypnanalysis. The basis of the method is that our personality is made up of several different self-parts that correspond to our different social roles. We apply different skills and ways of working in our lives according to our situations. These self-states are flexible, easily changeable, and generally work in harmony with one another.
When we are traumatized by abuse, self-parts are created that are in conflict with the other self-parts. In such cases, when things like the self-creating experience happen to us, we cannot respond appropriately to different situations, because such an I-part hinders us, indicating that we need to deal with it. It is also possible that such a part of the self returns as a symptom and causes depression, anxiety, eating or sleeping problems, for example. With the method of hypnosis, the therapist is able to help the patient’s self-parts to develop a new collaborative relationship between them. In hypnosis, the therapist explores the origin, time, circumstances, motivations of the self, and the problem that has been causing the problem so far can begin by changing the self and integrating into the personality.